Blood cancer, which can affect the bone marrow, blood and lymphatic system, has become very common, especially in Europe, like UK. According to statistics, there are 70 people a day suffering from blood cancer and nearly 25,000 people a year.
Since it is a very serious disease, this article is used to introduce comprehensive information about blood cancer and its types.
There are three types of blood cancer—lymphoma, leukaemia and myeloma.
As the sixth most common cancer in UK, lymphoma will affect lymphatic system, which plays a very crucial role in our immune system to protect body from infection and disease. If it happens, there are too many lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell in body. They will overload compromises our immune system.
Leukaemia can affect your white blood cells made in your bone marrow. And these white blood cells are a significant, infection-fighting part of our immune system. Patients with leukaemia produce an abnormal number of immature white blood cells, which can stop your bone marrow and inhibit it making other blood cells vital.
Myeloa is a kind of blood cancer of the plasma cells, which are found in bone marrow and can produce antibodies to fight infection. As for myeloa, a large number of abnormal plasma cells will gather in bone marrow and stop it producing an important part of your immune system. According to statistics, there are over 5,400 people in UK are diagnosed with this kind of blood cancer each year.
Through decades of research, scientists finally developed three kinds of ways to treat blood cancer. They are radiotherapy, chemotherapy and transplant.
This method is to use high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells. Radiotherapy can not only treat some types of leukaemia and lymphoma, but also can be used to prepare a patient for a stem cell, bone marrow or cord blood transplant as part of the conditioning therapy.
Chemotherapy means to take drugs to destroy cancer cells with the aim to put it into remission or slow down the progression of the disease. There are many kinds of chemotherapy drugs and they also work in different ways. Through clinical trial, these drugs combined with each other will work better.